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Drug rehab is considered the gold standard in the treatment of addiction disorders like cocaine addiction, heroin addiction, alcoholism, and prescription drug dependence. The combination of a variety of psychological therapies and medical detox can help patients addicted to any drug or combination of drugs successfully stop using illicit substances, and learn how to live a life defined by balance and authentic living rather than drug abuse and addiction.
The bad news is that there are a number of different types of drug rehabilitation programs available to those who need it and the sheer range of choices can be overwhelming to patients. The good news is that the many options for care mean that every patient will be able to find a program that works for their needs. According to The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), of the estimated 23 million Americans classified as having a drug abuse or addiction problem, only about 2.4 million will receive the care they need to heal.
If you or someone you care about is living with a drug dependence, don’t be among those who continue living with the dangers that come with untreated addiction. Instead, contact us at Michael’s House today. We can discuss your options in rehabilitation and help you to choose the program that will be most effective for you. Call now.
Types of Addictions Treated at Rehab
Few drug rehabilitation centers cater to the sufferers of addiction to a specific drug. Rather, most rehabs will provide a treatment program that speaks to the medical and psychological issues of the individual patient, no matter the drug of choice. The most common addictions for which treatment is sought include:
- Heroin addiction
- Cocaine dependence
- Marijuana addiction
- Crystal meth addiction
- Prescription painkillers
- Poly-drug addictions
- Dual Diagnosis disorders
The best treatment centers will provide care that focuses on helping patients to fight the specific issues they face with their drug of choice but will also provide them with guidance and care to deal with the personal and psychological issues that affect their chances of success in recovery.
The Difference Between Abuse and Addiction
Many patients get caught up in trying to define their relationship with drugs and alcohol.
Drug abuse, it seems, has a far less sinister reputation than that of drug addiction. According to Medline Plus, an issue with drug abuse is defined as the regular abuse of any illicit substance including alcohol over the course of a year with negative consequences. These negative consequences can be financial, interpersonal, work-related, legal, health-related – anything that changes the patient’s experience of day-to-day life for the worse.
Drug addiction, on the other hand, is defined by A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia as a situation in which the patient requires regular doses of their drug of choice in order to function physically and mentally AND craves the drug, focusing on maintaining their addiction constantly. It is possible to be physically dependent upon a drug without having an addiction to the substance, but when addiction is an issue, the negative consequences experienced during drug abuse become overwhelming, making it impossible for the patient to function in relationships with others, at work, at school or in the community.
Different Types of Treatment Programs
Outpatient and residential treatment programs are the two most basic types of drug rehab. Both can be effective choices depending upon the needs and experiences of the individual patient.
Residential drug rehab offers time and space away from the temptations and distractions that come with everyday life as well as 24-hour care and the necessary structure to help patients focus on their own health and recovery at a time when they are in active crisis. Outpatient drug rehab provides patients with a more loosely defined schedule that allows them to remain embedded with their support system at home and maintain a limited presence at work or school while getting the treatment they need to heal. Both options offer patients a different range of therapeutic options and counseling with the goal of maintained abstinence and long-term recovery.
According to the National Institutes of Health, elements of an effective drug rehab program – either outpatient or inpatient – will include:
Accessibility. Patients should feel comfortable at their rehab of choice, and able to openly discuss what they need with counselors and medical professionals. A welcoming environment is key to both patients and their family members.
High Success Rates. Most drug rehabs keep track of the recidivism, or relapse, rates of their patients and the most effective programs keep in close contact with clients as much as possible after they are graduated from treatment. The success rates for different drugs and situations can help patients compare the efficacy of different theories behind addiction treatment.
Personalized care. The ability for a patient to take part in the development of his or her treatment program with access to a wide range of therapy types gives them a much better chance of creating an experience in rehab that will help them to rapidly progress in recovery and become more solid in their ability to handle the stresses of life that threaten sustained abstinence.
Quality of life improvement. Drug rehab is about helping the patient learn how to avoid relapse on an ongoing basis, but it should also be about helping patients to improve their daily experience. This happens when they are given the assistance they need to handle the other issues in their life that may be diminishing their ability to remain clean and sober. Health problems, legal issues, family problems – all these and more should be addressed on an as-needed basis at an effective addiction treatment program.
Schedule of Care
Fear of what to expect in drug rehab is a commonly cited obstacle to medical and therapeutic care by addicted patients. Understanding what to expect, step by step, throughout the process of treatment can help patients to mentally prepare for the work ahead of them and recognize when a crucial element is not being addressed fully, giving them the opportunity to make changes in their treatment program for a richer experience.
According to NIDAMED’s Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment, patients should expect to undergo the following schedule of care and treatment when they enroll a comprehensive drug rehab program:
- Orientation. The first day or two of treatment should be focused on helping the patient to feel more comfortable in the program and to assist the medical team in better understanding the needs of the individual patient. Medical exams, discussions with a therapist, and even a few tests if warranted can be a part of the experience. The doctors and therapists must be familiar with the patient’s drug history, mental health history and medical history in order to create a personalized treatment plan that will be effective.
- Detox. If physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms are experienced when the patient stops taking his or her drug of choice, detox is the first step after diagnostic evaluation. Here, patients may receive medication if warranted and begin the process of the psychotherapeutic care that will define the bulk of their rehab experience.
- Counseling. Psychotherapeutic care through experiential, personal and group therapy sessions make up the biggest part of the schedule and arguably the most important part of treatment. Here, patients begin the process of working on the trauma and mental health issues that may have pushed them toward addiction in the first place or that may have occurred during active drug abuse, making it impossible to stop using drugs without help.
- Aftercare. Many will continue the work started during the counseling process after they return home through aftercare services. Therapy, therapeutic classes like yoga, treatment services like acupuncture and even a residential sober living program can all provide a varied amount of support for patients as they transition from the full rehab experience into a life of sobriety.
Patient Contribution to Effective Addiction Treatment
The most important thing that patients can bring to their rehab experience in order to increase their chances of success is a realistic understanding of what drug rehab provides and the willingness to utilize those resources to the best possible outcome, according to the Centers for Disease Control. The possibilities for personal growth and recovery in treatment are limitless, depending upon what the patient brings to rehab. Here are a few tips:
- Keep an open mind. It is not necessary for patients to want to recover or to want to be in rehab in order for them to make progress in recovery and get something out of the experience. However, when patients have an open mind and a “yes” attitude to the concepts and perspectives presented to them rather than an automatic negative response, the more likely they will be to find what they need in rehabilitation.
- Follow the rules. Even the rules that seem insignificant or arbitrary actually bring a new layer of learning to rehab and are to be kept and maintained. Even things like curfew, lights out, food in rooms, and phone access help patients to let go of the narcissism and entitlement that often makes it difficult to be open to the changes that must come for recovery to last.
- Avoid relapse. Though it is rare to be presented with an opportunity for relapse at a residential treatment program, it is sometimes possible and a tunnel-vision focus on avoiding relapse at all costs with no allowances or justifications is essential. The more days, hours and minutes that patients build up without drug abuse or use will serve to strengthen their confidence in recovery.
- Practice confidentiality. In the group setting and in private conversations, other patients often share personal and life experiences with each other. It is important for patients to learn the art of keeping confidence while providing support. The only caveat is when those conversations reveal that someone is hurting themselves or someone else – then it is time to involve a counselor.
- Don’t give up. Persistence is the key to success in recovery. There will be good days and there will be bad. Focusing on missteps and worries rather than on successes and specific treatment goals can cause patients to lose focus as well as the opportunity to progress in recovery.
Challenges and Obstacles
No matter what, challenges and obstacles will always appear before those who seek balance and strength in recovery. From enrolling in the right program to maintaining progress during treatment to avoiding relapse after rehab, there is any number of opportunities for patients to get sidetracked. Here are a few of the most common and how to begin to deal with them:
- Paying for treatment. Financing options, insurance coverage, and assistance from friends and family can work together to make sure that no one misses out on the treatment they need.
- Adjusting to a new environment. Making the transition from active addiction at home to the spirit and environment of a rehab facility can be rough, especially if physical illness or mental health is an issue. Talking through obstacles as they arise in a positive manner and asking for help from medical professionals will help patients to adjust quickly and shift focus to personal recovery.
- Personality conflicts. Recovering patients have a lot to balance and when multiple people in a somewhat unstable frame of mind come together, conflicts can develop. It’s important to not allow any one situation to spiral out of control or to become violent in any way. Instead, ask for assistance from counselors to work through specific issues.
- Dealing with issues back home. Family members are often a big part of addiction issues for patients as worry about them or problems left at home can deeply color the experience of the patient during treatment. This is a topic of conversation for therapy sessions and family therapy, and while important, it should never interfere with treatment or mean an early return home.
Above all, staying in treatment and remaining focused on recovery is the primary goal of every interaction and event for each patient. Anything that distracts from that is an obstacle and a challenge to be overcome through therapeutic care and perseverance.
Find the Right Treatment Center at Michael’s House
Michael’s House is a residential drug rehabilitation facility located in Southern California. We are a high-end treatment center that has helped countless patients overcome their dependence upon drugs and alcohol. Our “whole body” approach to recovery is provided in a luxury residential rehab facility in Palm Springs, California, with luxury amenities designed to promote health and wellness on every level.
Contact Michael’s House today for more information.