The terms co-occurring disorders and dual-diagnosis describe a condition where a person is affected by both chemical dependency and an emotional or psychiatric illness. These terms (Co-occurring and dually diagnosed) are often used interchangeably with the terms co-morbidity, concurrent disorders, co-morbid disorders, and dual disorder. Individuals who experience a dual diagnosis often face a wide range of psychosocial issues and may experience more than two interacting illnesses.
The treatment program at Michael’s House is nationally recognized for integrative and evidence based methods that have produced proven results for individuals with addiction and mental health disorders, we are one of very few facilities that is prepared to deal effectively with co-occurring disorders.
What You Need to Know About Co-Occurring Disorders
The specific causes of psychiatric illness and chemical dependency are not fully understood at this time. Family history, genetics, brain chemistry, and environmental factors all appear to play important roles in the development of both psychiatric illness and chemical dependency.
Common Issues Associated with Co-occurring disorders
- Family and social problems
- Employment or school problems
- High-risk behavior
- Multiple admissions for chemical dependency due to relapse
- Multiple admissions for psychiatric care due to reoccurrence of psychiatric symptoms
- increased emergency room admissions
- increased need for acute health care services
- Legal problems and incarceration
Co-occurring Disorders are affecting over 10 million Americans each year
During the past ten years, researchers and mental health and chemical dependency treatment providers have found that dual disorders do occur with regular frequency. The National Institute of Mental Health sponsored two large-scale research studies. The studies provided significant information about dual disorders.
- 56% of individuals with a bipolar disorder, (Manic depressive illness) abuse substances
- 47% of individuals with a schizophrenic disorder, abuse substances
- 32% of individuals with a mood disorder other than bipolar, abuse substances
- 27% of individuals with an anxiety disorder, abuse substances
Other researchers looked at individuals who were in treatment and experienced a severe mental illness. They found that 40-60% of the patients also had a co-existing substance abuse disorder.
Clearly, there are a substantial number of men and women who experience dual disorders each year. Research and clinical findings illustrate that it is not a rare occurrence, but rather a problem that occurs with consistent frequency. Therefore, it is important that specialized programs and ongoing community based support groups be available for men and women who experience dual disorders.
This is due to the fact that there are many forms of emotional or psychiatric illness. Some forms of psychiatric illness can severely impair an individual’s ability to function effectively and relate well to others. Creating a need for ongoing case management and a variety of other supportive services. Others may be impaired during ongoing periodic episodes or cycles. The degree of impairment due to psychiatric illness may vary greatly from mild or moderate to severe, or it may occur in mixed patterns.
The nature of dual disorders becomes even more complex when alcohol and drug use is considered. For example, there are many types of intoxicating chemicals that people can choose from today. Some people may choose to use a single type of drug while another person may use many different types of drugs. Some people use large amounts for the effects while other people use smaller amounts. Some people use daily, while others use on periodic binges. It becomes evident that there are many different forms of dual diagnosis when the different types of psychiatric illnesses and different patterns of alcohol and drug use are all taken into account. However, in terms of dual recovery, they do share one thing in common: an individual will need to focus their recovery efforts on both their emotional or psychiatric illness and their chemical dependency within a comprehensive personal program of recovery.
If you have questions about co-occurring disorders please call our call center 24 hours a day 1-877-345-8494 .
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